Traces of an ancient history in a new municipality
The Municipality of Cavallino Treporti is one of the youngest in Italy. Born in 1999, after separating from Venice, it has a strong economic, social and territorial identity and a strong and intimate bond with its history and its traditions.
The Roman period and the fall of the Roman Empire
The first evidence of the ancient origins of Cavallino Treporti date back to Roman times. Recently, thanks to the archaeological excavations in the lagoon village of Lio Piccolo, two Roman patrician houses decorated with beautiful mosaic floors were found underwater.
After the fall of the Roman Empire, the lagoon islands were a safe haven for people, from Altino and other large inland cities, who were forced to flee following the barbarian invasions. But this period was not of great splendour.
The Republic of Venice
Under the rule of The Rebuplic of Venice Cavallino-Treporti followed the fate of the old Republic and was territorially incorporated into Dogado.
At that time the territory was very different to the current one and was made up of the islands of Treportine, or Lio Piccolo, Mesole and Saccagnana and the current centre of Treporti was originally known as the Island of the Church.
Over the centuries the vast landholdings were past onto some of the most noble families of Venice, including the Correr, the Querini, the Pisani, the Sagredo and the Boldù families. Religious bodies played an important role in the area. They possessed, in addition to many convents and monasteries, vast agricultural land or large areas for fishing. One of the oldest Christian places, still present in the lagoon, is the convent of Mesole, built in the fifteenth century.
At the beginning of 500 the island of Treporti was already outlined, although the stretches of water that surrounded the land that emerged were far more extensive and had not been altered by man.
The Cavallino coast, thanks to the sea currents and constant accumulation of sandy material taken from the river Piave, which until 1664 flowed into the sea, developed slowly westward, gradually moving the islands of Treporti away from the sea.
Evidence of the presence of a civil and religious community in Cavallino is the ancient church completed in 1751.
After the fall of The Republic of Venice
The nineteenth-century farm buildings that characterize the whole area show that, in 800, the territory reached an important social, economic and political stability.
When Cavallino-Treporti was passed from Podesteria of Torcello (under the Republic of Venice) to Burano (under Austrian rule), it developed its strong rural traditions. Agriculture and livestock were the main source of income during that period and the produce was sold in markets in Venice.
From 900 to today
In the early years of the twentieth century extensive restoration work was carried out that defined the current features of the municipality, and military fortifications were erected that were used in both World Wars. Since the 1930s Cavallino began its growth.
It is during this period that it established its agricultural sector, which today places it among the most important Italian agricultural districts, not to mention its move towards tourism. Since the Fifties, in fact, thanks to its well equipped campsites, bathed in the shade of the pine trees and placed right on the 15 kilometres of beach, Cavallino-Treporti is now the leading European location for outdoor tourism. Every year more than 6 million tourists come to the area.
If you want to have a sustainable holiday, surrounded by unspoiled nature and come into contact with ancient and exciting history, come and discover the authenticity and beauty of the Cavallino Treporti coast. Book your stay now and start imagining your holiday filled with history, culture and nature.